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What are Static Site Generators and Why Should You Consider Using One in 2021

What are Static Site Generators and Why Should You Consider Using One in 2021

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A superb web experience could amazingly pave way for businesses. Check some of the thriving enterprises that you know, a highly functional website is something common to them all. Do you have any idea why this is the case? The answer is simple. The way a website works has only two effects it could have on its users. It either hooks them or sends them away.

Web development has been on an onward motion, and several solutions to this have emerged. However, static site generators have more to offer. If you have been following the trend of things in the tech world recently, you might have an idea of what a static site generator is. And even if it sounds strange to you, you can learn about it here.

In this article, you will be learning about static site generators. What they are and why they are the next big thing in the web development sphere.

Let’s start by talking about how websites work.

Websites: Types and How They Work

Whenever an attempt is made to access a webpage, a request is immediately sent to the server of the website. Upon receiving the request, the server returns a response to the browser, which the browser thereafter interprets and presents the webpage.

Now let us make a little distinction. Websites differ in how they are designed. And this by implication affects how they work. Some websites are database-driven, while some work with static site generators. So what’s the difference?

Database-driven websites are dynamic in how they work. In any case, they are otherwise called dynamic sites. A dynamic site functions through a content management system to deliver web pages to users. Its contents are drawn from a database connected to the site. One feature of dynamic sites is how they can deliver different content every time they are accessed, without the user having to manually effect a change.

Let me give you examples of this. When customers of a bank request their balance via the bank’s website, different amounts would be displayed to everyone. And the amount keeps changing as transactions take place. Another good example is a website that gives weather updates. Because the atmospheric condition is always changing, content delivered to users keeps changing too. This continuous change makes dynamic sites difficult to maintain.

Websites that work with static site generators are different. And they are also called static websites. We shall explore this in detail throughout the rest of this article.

Taking a clue from the word “static” we should able to get our heads around how static sites work easily. Anything static remains the same. Therefore, a static site delivers information to users exactly the way they are stored on the server. Unlike the dynamic type, its content is the same all the time. The fact that static sites work this way makes them easier to maintain. Apart from the ease of maintenance, static sites stand out in their functionality as well. And the brain behind this is the Static Site Generator. Like I said earlier, static site generators have a lot to offer in enhancing the web experience. Let’s find out what they are and how they work.

Static Site Generators

As previously stated, requests of web users are delivered to them from servers. A traditional dynamic site would wait for visitors of a site to make their requests before generating pages. And until the pages are generated, users can’t have the views they need. This cycle becomes tasking to handle when demand on sites spikes. This is what a static site generator addresses. A static site generator doesn’t generate views on-demand. Pages are pre-generated and promptly served to users upon request. Let’s look at how this works.

A static site generator is more than a mere replacement for the Content Management System (CMS) of dynamic sites. With a static site generator, content is already bundled into websites during the build process. This implies it handles needs before they arise. Did you know the HTML pages database-driven site displays don’t just pop up? Content Management System first gets back needed data from the database where it was stored and then applies some template files to it. Until this is completed, a website will only continue to load. Static site generators save you from all of these.

By and large, there are varieties of static site generators that could be used to develop top-notch static sites. However, when it comes to selecting which to use, there are no definite rules to consider. It is up to members of each development team to decide which to adopt based on the nature of the job at hand and individual preferences. In any case, some of the options available include Next.js, Eleventy (11ty), Gatsby, Nuxt.js, Hugo, Jekyll, Gridsome, Bridgetown, VuePress, and Scully. Even 2000 words won’t suffice if I say I’m going to explain in detail how the listed tools work. Nonetheless, let’s take a peek at the top five in 2021.

Top Five Static Site Generators for You

Next.js

Next.js is a superb static site generator for static sites and web apps. It comes with several tools for server-side rendering. For instance, developers can use its built-in APIs to retrieve data while deploying apps. And like other static site generators, it automates responses to the request of web users.

Eleventy (11ty)

Eleventy is another top static site generator of the year. Its tools work well to fetch data and merge them with templates while building web apps. A unique feature of Eleventy is its simplicity in creating templates and merging them with data files to promptly respond to requests on sites.

Gatsby

Gatsby functions as a React-based tool. If you are a new developer who’s having trouble deciding which static site generator to start with, Gatsby is a good option. Do you know why I said that? Its work environment gives an appealing developer experience. Gatsby’s build times which used to be a point of concern, have since been improved.

Nuxt.js

Nuxt.js and Next.js do not just have similar spellings, they both have a lot in common. However, while Next.js is React-based, Nuxt.js is Vue-based. Its low build time also makes app deployment faster. It is more than a static site generator, you can use it for server-side rendering as well.

Hugo

Amongst all static site generators, Hugo is unique for its small build time. If you are anticipating huge traffic for your next site, Hugo would make a good option. Its pre-loaded servers deliver pages quickly using templates.

I’m sure you’re already seeing reasons to use a static site generator for your next project. Now let’s wrap it up by talking about the differences it would make in your next website or web app.

What Would Change by Using Static Site Generators

Speed

Since static site generators deliver responses via a Content Delivery Network (CDN), you’ve got everything you need for a lightning-fast website. Keeping up with traffic spikes is a big problem for database-driven sites. As previously stated, static site generators generate pages in advance before web users request for them, this, in turn, reduces average response time.

The complexity of websites is one of the primary reasons for their slowness. Database-driven sites like WordPress first retrieves data from servers before delivering response through the Content Management System (CMS). When this happens to a great number of web users, sites begin to respond slowly. All these complications would not occur if you use static site generators.

Security

Security is a major factor to consider when developing websites. A lot goes into securing database-driven sites. When I say a lot, it is not just an overstatement. This is because their databases are open to attacks from hackers. And again most dynamic sites make use of external plugins.

Things are different with static site generators, as the use of Content Delivery Networks eliminates the need for a database. This reduces the security concerns you will have to cope with. So, static site generators do not just make quick access of data possible, it ensures you’re preserved from hackers of the cyber security to a significant level as well.

Scalability

One great thing about static site generators is how they keep sites scalable. Since requests of web users are not treated on-demand, static sites retain their performance regardless of the spike in traffic.

Static site generators take care of scalability during the build process. So if you want the user experience of your website to remain first-class, static site generators got you covered.

Cost and Maintenance

Because static site generators minimize the complexity of sites, a lesser amount is needed to keep them working. Static sites are generally cheaper to host on cloud platforms and require lesser technical attention to maintain them.

In conclusion, Static Site Generators are real game-changers in the web development cycle. They will turn around the functionality of your website and application, giving you more creative freedom and less stress when it comes to your website.